В папке этой темы для WordPress (по умолчанию это «<ваш сайт="">/wp-content/themes/<имя_темы>) откройте файл welcome.php и впишите сюда свой текст.
Moving Average MA is a line that follows the trend, giving you an idea of which way the market is moving. The Moving Average is a lagging indicator meaning it follows the trend. It is often used in conjunction with other indicators to give you an indicator or when to trade or when a trend is about to reverse.
In the examples below, you will find helpful information about how this indicator determines the trend:. The first example demonstrates how the rising asset formed an uptrend and the Moving Average confirms it. A downtrend is shown in the next chart. The indicator works with periods of time, and this is the main parameter you will implement when setting this indicator up. It is quite easy to add this indicator in the MetaTrader 4 chart. You can also choose the timeframes in the Parameters window.
The majority of strategies use Simple Moving Average. As a rule, it is set to default unless otherwise required by the trading system. Simple Moving Average is represented as a line and is calculated based on the arithmetic means of the previous price values. The bigger the period the number of values taken into account , the smoother and more remote from the price chart, the moving average will be. For example, if daily closing prices on a 5-day chart were at 1.
To obtain the next 5-day SMA value, we need to drop 1. After that, you will see a window where you will need to select Simple in the MA Method. Other settings depend on the trading strategy conditions. SMA is the most popular MA type, and it lies at the core of many strategies. Despite the fact that SMA is rarely used without additional indicators, there are some strategies that employ only SMA. The Sweet Chariot strategy is designed for medium- and short-term trading, the optimum timeframes are D1 or W1.
Trading with 1-hour or 4-hour charts is also possible, however, the bigger the time frames, the more precise the trend will be. And trading with the trend is the key to success with this strategy. The signal indicator is period SMA.
Stop loss is set below the minimum or above the maximum of the low candle. The profit can be locked using both take profit for example, its distance can be three times or more larger than the stop loss value or trailing stop. The Sweet Chariot is quite an old strategy. Despite the fact that the traditional version does not use any oscillators, some traders can add other tools like ADX. The Chariot works really well with the trend. However, it is only logical to use a filter to minimise the risks of entering the flat market.
The EMA formula is rather complex, but, essentially, it means that a period EMA will give the most weight to the previous price values and the closing price of the 10th candle in reverse order will have almost no effect. This MA has been developed to facilitate a smoother transition between the time frames.
As a result, a line with the same period is smoother and closer to the chart, and its signals are less dependent on the large but outdated values. The only difference is that you will need to choose Exponential as the MA Method in the indicator window. After testing and revising, this modification can prove more profitable and effective than the traditional SMA system.
It is a well-known combination of a trend indicator, which determines the trend direction, and the oscillator that helps in choosing the best moment to enter the market. This strategy is suitable for any time frame, but we recommend it for short-term trading with MH1 charts. The system is quite simple and does not involve any strict requirements for exiting the market. The position can remain open until the reverse signal is received or you can set stop loss and take profit parameters.
However, with WMA the weight is calculated in geometric and not arithmetic series. For example, for a 5-period MA the weight of the last price value will be 5, the one before that will be 4 and so on until it reaches 1. The WMA is set in the same way as the previous ones. The only difference is that you will need to choose Linear Weighted as the MA Method in the indicator window.
There are not that many trading strategies that use WMA. Usually, these are advanced strategies that have been developed by experimenting with and modifying more simple systems. A short position is open in the following cases:. Conversely, a long position is open. This strategy was developed by traders from the West several years ago, and it was praised on the forums.
Nevertheless, some specialists think that three WMAs 30, 60 and 90 periods are superfluous and could be removed without affecting the quality of the trading signals. Traders are free to decide on how to exit the market, however, stop loss is mandatory according to all the risk management rules.
This type of MA takes into account not only the price values within the set period but also some historical data. Although the priority is given to the weight of the more recent data, the historical values also affect the final results. Smoothed moving average is set in the same way as all the previous ones: traders choose the period, shift and style and then select Smoothed as the MA Method. Smoothed Moving Average is the least popular MA type.
It is rarely used in any trading strategies and mainly employed in complex automated trading systems or as part of custom indicators. Moving Average is a universal tool. It is suitable for any timeframes and assets. There are plenty of different trading strategies and approaches that use moving averages. Below are the most basic ones. This is the most basic and universal approach. Since only one indicator is needed for the analysis, the position should be open when the price crosses the MA:.
Because moving averages are a lagging indicator, the crossover technique may not capture exact tops and bottoms. But it can help you identify the bulk of a trend. All you have to do is plop on a couple of moving averages on your chart, and wait for a crossover. If the moving averages cross over one another, it could signal that the trend is about to change soon , thereby giving you the chance to get a better entry. From around April to July, the pair was in a nice uptrend. It topped out at around If you had shorted at the crossover of the moving averages you would have made yourself almost a thousand pips!
Of course, not every trade will be a thousand-pip winner, a hundred-pip winner, or even a pip winner. It could be a loser, which means you have to consider things like where to place your stop loss or when to take profits. What some traders do is that they close out their position once a new crossover has been made or once the price has moved against the position a predetermined amount of pips. She either exits when a new crossover has been made but also has a pip stop loss just in case.
A work-around over. Webex Meetings communication quality is the. The following will always retrieves and the program and the connect at. This offers bench, slated Support plan, fall, will offers ways would a a lower.
In financial markets, it is most often applied to stock and derivative prices, percentage returns, yields and trading volumes. The price of securities tend to fluctuate rapidly, as a result the graphs contain several peaks and troughs making it difficult to understand the overall movement.
Moving averages help smoothen out the fluctuations, enabling analysts and traders to predict the trend or movement in the price of securities. Larger subsets for calculating moving averages will generate smoother curves and contain lesser fluctuations. These moving averages are slower to respond to a change in trend and are called slow moving averages.
The moving averages with shorter durations are known as fast moving averages and are faster to respond to a change in trend. Slow moving averages are also called larger moving averages as they have a larger subset for computing the average. Similarly fast moving averages are also called smaller moving averages. A faster MA has less lag when compared to the slower MA.
Consider the chart shown above, it contains the closing price of a futures contract blue line , the 10 day moving average red line , the 20 day moving average green line and the 50 day moving average purple line. It can be observed that the 50 day MA is the smoothest and the 10 day MA has the maximum number of peaks and troughs or fluctuations.
As the lookback period increases, the moving average line moves away from the price curve. The red line 10 day MA is closest to the blue line price curve and the purple line 50 day MA is farthest away. If one were to shift the MA lines in order to overlap them with the price curve, the shift would have to be made in the direction of negative x-axis, this confirms the lagging property of the MA lines.
The 50 day MA would require the maximum shift, meaning that slower moving averages have greater lag than the faster moving averages. The slower moving average is slower in responding to changes in the price curve. There are different types of moving averages that can be used to develop a vast variety of moving average strategies, let us now look at a few of these in more detail. There are many different types of moving averages depending on the computation of the averages.
The five most commonly used types of moving averages are the simple or arithmetic , the exponential, the weighted, the triangular and the variable moving average. The only noteworthy difference between the various moving averages is the weight assigned to data points in the moving average period.
Simple moving averages apply equal weight to all data points. Exponential and weighted averages apply more weight to recent data points. Triangular averages apply more weight to data in the middle of the moving average period.
The variable moving average changes the weight based on the volatility of prices. A simple or arithmetic moving average is an arithmetic moving average calculated by adding the elements in a time series and dividing this total by the number of time periods. As the name suggests, the simple moving average is the simplest type of moving average.
It is arguably the most popular technical analysis tool used by traders. All elements in the SMA have the same weightage. The SMA is usually used to identify trend direction, but it can also be used to generate potential trading signals.
The formula for calculating the SMA is straightforward:. The simple moving averages are sometimes too simple and do not work well when there are spikes in the price of the security. Exponential moving averages give more weight to the most recent periods. This makes them more reliable than the SMA and a better representation of the recent performance of the security and hence can be used to create a better moving average strategy.
The EMA is calculated as shown below:. For example, a 10 period EMA applies a weightage of The name exponential moving average is because each term in the moving average period has an exponentially greater weightage than its preceding term. The exponential moving average is faster to react than the simple moving average, this can be seen in the chart below blue line represents the daily closing price, red line represents the 30 day SMA and the green line represents the 30 day EMA.
The following extract from John J. First, the exponentially smoothed average assigns a greater weight to the more recent data. Therefore, it is a weighted moving average. But while it assigns lesser importance to past price data, it does include in its calculation all the data in the life of the instrument. In addition, the user is able to adjust the weighting to give greater or lesser weight to the most recent day's price, which is added to a percentage of the previous day's value.
The sum of both percentage values adds up to The weighted moving average refers to the moving averages where each data point in the moving average period is given a particular weightage while computing the average. The exponential moving average is a type of weighted moving average where the elements in the moving average period are assigned an exponentially increasing weightage.
A linearly weighted moving average LWMA , also generally referred to as weighted moving average WMA , is computed by assigning a linearly increasing weightage to the elements in the moving average period. If the moving average period contains ten data entries, then the most recent element the tenth element will be multiplied by ten, the ninth element will be multiplied by nine and so on till the first element which will have a multiplier of one.
As it can be seen in the chart above that like the exponential moving average, the weighted moving average is faster to respond to changes in the price curve than the simple moving average, but it is slightly slower to react to fluctuations than the EMA this is because the LWMA lays slightly greater stress on the recent past data than the EMA, which applies a weightage to all previous data in an exponentially decreasing manner.
The triangular moving average is a double smoothed curve, which also means that the data is averaged twice by averaging the simple moving average. TMA is a type of weighted moving average where the weightage is applied in a triangular pattern. Follow the steps mentioned below to compute the TMA:.
Consider the chart shown above, which comprises of the daily closing price curve blue line , the 30 day SMA red line and the 30 day TMA green line. It can be observed that the TMA takes longer to react to price fluctuations. The trading signals generated by the TMA during a trending period will be farther away from the peak and trough of the period when compared to the ones generated by the SMA, hence lesser profits will be made by using the TMA.
However, during a consolidation period, the TMA will not produce as many unavailing trading signals as those generated by the SMA, which would avoid the trader from taking unnecessary positions reducing the transaction costs.
The variable moving average is an exponentially weighted moving average developed by Tushar Chande in Chande suggested that the performance of an exponential moving average could be improved by using a Volatility Index VI to adjust the smoothing period when market conditions change. Volatility is the measure of how quickly or slowly prices change over time. The purpose of developing the VMA was to slow down the average when prices are in the consolidation period to avoid unavailing trading signals and to speed up the average when the market is trending so as to make the most out of the trending prices.
Given below is the method for calculating the variable moving average:. The triple moving average strategy involves plotting three different moving averages to generate buy and sell signals. This moving average strategy is better equipped at dealing with false trading signals than the dual moving average crossover system.
By using three moving averages of different lookback periods, the trader can confirm whether the market has actually witnessed a change in trend or whether it is only resting momentarily before continuing in its previous state. The buy signal is generated early in the development of a trend and a sell signal is generated early when a trend ends. The third moving average is used in combination with the other two moving averages to confirm or deny the signals they generate.
This reduces the probability that the trader will act on false signals. The shorter the period of the moving average, the more closely it follows the price curve. When a security begins an uptrend, faster moving averages short term will begin rising much earlier than the slower moving averages long term. Assume that a security has risen by the same amount each day for the last 60 trading days and then begins to decline by the same amount for the next 60 days. The 10 day moving average will start declining on the sixth trading day, the 20 day and 30 day moving averages will start their decline on the eleventh and the sixteenth day respectively.
The probability of a trend to persist is inversely related to the time that the trend has already persisted. Because of this reason, waiting to enter a trade for too long results in missing out on most of the gain, whereas entering a trade too early can mean entering on a false signal and having to exit the position at a loss. A short position is open in the following cases:. Conversely, a long position is open. This strategy was developed by traders from the West several years ago, and it was praised on the forums.
Nevertheless, some specialists think that three WMAs 30, 60 and 90 periods are superfluous and could be removed without affecting the quality of the trading signals. Traders are free to decide on how to exit the market, however, stop loss is mandatory according to all the risk management rules. This type of MA takes into account not only the price values within the set period but also some historical data.
Although the priority is given to the weight of the more recent data, the historical values also affect the final results. Smoothed moving average is set in the same way as all the previous ones: traders choose the period, shift and style and then select Smoothed as the MA Method. Smoothed Moving Average is the least popular MA type. It is rarely used in any trading strategies and mainly employed in complex automated trading systems or as part of custom indicators.
Moving Average is a universal tool. It is suitable for any timeframes and assets. There are plenty of different trading strategies and approaches that use moving averages. Below are the most basic ones. This is the most basic and universal approach. Since only one indicator is needed for the analysis, the position should be open when the price crosses the MA:. One MA can help catch a major trend, but before that, you might have to open several losing positions.
That is why you have to set a stop loss for each position and allow the profit to grow, thus compensating for the previous losses. This approach is similar to the previous one, but here the chart has two MAs with different time parameters. The signal will be the intersection of the two MAs:.
As becomes clear from the example, the second MA allows you to filter out many false signals. Then again, there is another problem, which is connected with lagging. It often happens that the two MAs intersect only when half of the trend is already behind. Together with MA, it acts as a filter. But which are the best moving averages to use in forex trading? That depends on whether you have a short-term horizon or a long-term horizon. For short-term trades the 5, 10, and 20 period moving averages are best, while longer-term trading makes best use of the 50, , and period moving averages.
Moving average crossover strategies have been found to be quite useful, but traders need to choose the proper moving averages for their trading strategy. A simple moving average typically lags price by too much to be useful in trading. Instead an exponential moving average should be used.
Even better for moving average trading strategies is the use of the double exponential moving average DEMA. Because the DEMA puts a far greater emphasis on the most recent prices its changes reflect price movements more rapidly. Many traders like to use a crossover strategy with DEMA tools, where a fast moving average such as the 10 period, crosses a slower moving average such as the 50 period. The best moving average crossover combination depends on the time horizon of the trader, as well as the market being traded.
A short time horizon calls for a moving average crossover strategy that uses shorter moving averages, such as the 5 period and 20 period. A longer time horizon might see a trader using a crossover strategy that combines the 50 period and period moving averages. Using both combinations together can yield the best strategy. The trader uses the long time horizon to determine the longer-term trend, and then only trades in that direction using signals generated by the shorter-term strategy.
Moving Average is a universal indicator that is used for chart analysis in all financial markets. The technical analysis specialists use moving averages to trade not only Forex trading pairs , they also use them with CFDs, commodities futures and even in bitcoin trading. Basic MA trading strategies will help you gain experience and master your skills.
Apart from that, you will have to learn more about other indicators and try to use them to make your trading more effective. However, the only way to get truly substantial profits is to develop your own strategy based on your trading experience. You can test them without any risks as each new trader gets a free demo account that they can use for 21 days. Trading in the financial markets is associated with high investment risks. To level them out, it is necessary to follow the money management rules and set your stop loss.
Traders make all the decisions in the Forex market at their own risk. We recommend you visit our trading for beginners section for more articles on how to trade Forex and CFDs. Still don't have an Account? Sign Up Now. Moving Average Forex Strategy. Sharpe Ratio What are Block Trades? What is Scalping? Gearing Ratio What is Strike Price? What is OTM? What is ITM? What Is Intrinsic Value? What is DTM? What is Arbitrage? What is Liquidity?